Optimizing nginx and PHP-FPM – from Beginner to Expert to Crazy | Arne Blankerts

Learn how to optimize your Nginx and PHP-FPM configuration for improved performance, security, and scalability. From beginner-level tips to advanced techniques, this talk covers everything you need to know to get the most out of your web server.

Key takeaways
  1. Optimize gzip static: This setting enables gzip compression for static files, reducing their size and improving load times.

  2. Use maps to simplify complex rules: Maps allow you to define complex rules and conditions in a more concise and readable manner.

  3. Leverage named locations for modular configuration: Named locations allow you to group related configuration directives together, making it easier to manage and maintain your Nginx configuration.

  4. Configure strict transfer security (HSTS) to enhance security: HSTS instructs browsers to always use HTTPS for a specified domain, preventing accidental HTTP connections and protecting against man-in-the-middle attacks.

  5. Implement content security policy (CSP) to mitigate cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks: CSP defines a set of rules that restrict the types of resources that can be loaded from a web page, reducing the risk of XSS attacks.

  6. Enable keep-alive connections for improved performance: Keep-alive connections allow multiple requests to be sent over a single TCP connection, reducing overhead and improving performance.

  7. Use Lua scripting for advanced functionality: Lua is a powerful scripting language that can be used to extend Nginx’s functionality and perform complex tasks such as dynamic content generation and load balancing.

  8. Configure reverse proxying for load balancing and caching: Nginx can be used as a reverse proxy to distribute requests across multiple servers, improving scalability and performance.

  9. Optimize PHP-FPM settings for improved performance: Properly configuring PHP-FPM settings, such as the number of worker processes and memory limits, can significantly improve the performance of PHP applications.

  10. Monitor and analyze logs for troubleshooting and performance tuning: Nginx provides detailed logging capabilities that can be used to troubleshoot issues, monitor performance, and identify areas for improvement.